What is cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency (or Cryptography) is a controversial digital asset designed to act as a cryptographic exchange tool to protect your transactions, additional monitor units, and transfer assets. Crypto values ​​are a type of digital currency, alternative currency and virtual currency. Cryptocurrencies use decentralized control instead of a centralized electronic money system and central banks.

Decentralized control of each cryptocurrency works through a blockchain, which forms the basis of public transactions, acting as a distributed record.

Formal definition

According to Jean Lansky, crypto may be a system that meets four conditions:

• The policy determines whether new cryptocurrency units will be created. If new cryptocurrency units can be designed, the system determines the terms of the source with the ownership of these new units.

• If two different instructions are entered to change the acquisition of the same cryptographic units, the system executes at most one of them.

• The system allows operations to be performed in a way that changes the owner of the cryptographic unit. The extraction operation can only be issued by an institution proving the current owners of these units.

• Ownership of cryptocurrency units can only be specified cryptographically.


Decentralized cryptography produces all cryptographic services at a rate determined during system creation and is known to the public. In centralized banking and economic policies, such as the Federal Reserve System, administrative committees or governments control the flow of money by printing units of trust funds or requiring additional digital books. In the case of decentralized cryptocurrencies, governments or companies cannot produce new units, but they are not compatible with other companies, banks or institutions with property values. The basic technical system based on decentralized cryptocurrencies was created by a group or individual known as Satoshi Nakamoto.

As of May 2018, there were more than 1,800 crypto transparent specifications. The crypto-currency, security, integrity and balance sheet system is maintained by an association of mutually suspicious parties called minors who use their computers to confirm the timing of the transaction, adding them to the register under a special time stamp scheme.

Most cryptocurrencies are designed to gradually reduce the production of this currency by limiting the total number of coins in circulation. Compared to common currencies held or held by financial institutions

With money in hand, it can be more difficult for police to catch cryptocurrency. This problem stems from the use of cryptographic technologies.

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